Tigana is a fantasy novel set in the Peninsular of the Palm, a world loosely based on Renaissance Italy. Divided into nine rival provinces, the Palm is an easy target for two invading tyrants, one from the east and one from the west. Four of the Palm’s nine provinces have fallen to Alberico of Barbadior and four to Brandin of Ygrath, both powerful sorcerers, with only one province still to be conquered.
During the battle for one of these provinces, Prince Valentin of Tigana killed Brandin’s son, Stevan, which brought down Brandin’s wrath upon the entire province and its people. Brandin destroyed Tigana’s cities, its culture and its identity, then to complete his revenge he wiped all memory of Tigana and even its name from the minds of everyone in the peninsular, with the exception of those who were born in the province before the invasion. Eighteen years later, at the time when our story is set, a group of Tiganese exiles (including Prince Valentin’s only surviving son) set out to free the Palm of the two tyrants and restore Tigana’s name to the world.
This is the first book by Guy Gavriel Kay I’ve read, although I’ve been aware of his books for years and am now annoyed with myself for waiting so long to actually read one! I loved Tigana – not unreservedly, but enough to make it one of my books of the year so far.
I’ll admit to being very confused at first, as Kay doesn’t make things easy for the reader and throws us straight into a strange, unfamiliar world. Making a few notes of names and places helped, but really all that was needed was some patience. By the time I was halfway through the book, a world with one blue moon and one white, where people worship a Triad of Gods called Eanna, Adaon and Morian, and where wizards can be recognised by their two missing fingers, seemed almost as real as our own! I very rarely read fantasy anymore (not for any particular reason; I did used to enjoy it and am not sure why or when I stopped) but I actually thought that the overall feel of the book and the effort needed to understand the history, folklore and politics of the Palm were not a lot different from reading historical fiction. I could soon see the parallels with Renaissance Italy and the way its feuding city states left it vulnerable to threats from outside.
One of the things I liked about this book is that, with the possible exception of Alberico, none of the characters are portrayed as entirely good or entirely bad. The best example of this is probably Brandin of Ygrath, who at first appears to be one of the villains of the book because of what he has done to Tigana. It’s only later in the novel that we start to get closer to Brandin and see him from the point of view of the woman who loves him. This is Dianora, who is herself from Tigana and has spent several years in Brandin’s saishan (harem) on the island of Chiara, intending to kill him and lift his curse from Tigana. However, when she finds herself falling in love with him, she begins to wonder whether she’ll be able to carry her plan through to its end. I didn’t particularly like Dianora or agree with all of her choices, but I thought the scenes describing her internal conflict were very well written.
I don’t think the problem I had with Dianora was necessarily with the character herself, by the way, but more with the fact that her introduction into the novel came at a point where I had just begun to really understand the plot and to get to know Devin, Alessan, Catriana and the other characters; at that stage I didn’t want to be taken away from them and have to spend two chapters meeting a new character with a long backstory. I did become more interested in Dianora later in the book, but her sections were never my favourites and I was always glad to get back to the other characters’ storylines.
Another example of the boundaries between right and wrong becoming blurred involves the binding of a wizard. I don’t want to go into too many details as part of the fun of reading this book, being someone who doesn’t read much fantasy, was in learning about the various types of magic used in the Palm. However, the wizard binding episode raised some interesting questions. Can it ever be right to enslave a man against his will? Is the freedom of one person as important as the freedom of an entire nation?
As for the ending of the book, I both liked it and disliked it. I couldn’t quite believe in one of the romantic pairings at the end, as there had been so little hint of it throughout the book. There were other things that were left unresolved (or rather, they weren’t resolved in the way I wanted them to be) but I could accept that not everybody could have a happy ending. The revelation about one of the characters (again, I don’t want to say too much here and spoil the story for future readers) was heartbreaking! And the very last line of the epilogue is one of those final sentences that leaves you with something to continuing thinking about and trying to interpret even after you close the book and put it back on the shelf. I’ve got The Lions of Al-Rassan to read next and am excited to think that I might potentially have a new name to add to my list of favourite authors!
13 thoughts on “Tigana by Guy Gavriel Kay”
Oooh, I’m so glad you enjoyed this, Helen! I haven’t read Tigana for a couple of years, actually – it was among the first of Kay’s books that I read and it’s time to go back to it, as after having rushed through almost all the others, I’d like to refresh my acquaintance with it. I’ve been trying to get my friends to read Kay’s novels for ages, which is why I’m even more delighted to see them drawing your attention. He’s one of my favourite writers for the *precise* reason that, as you say, these books aren’t really fantasy at all, but more like historical novels set in a very slightly different universe from our own. You will find this is even more the case with The Lions of Al-Rassan, which is one of the few books in my life to which I unreservedly give five stars. I don’t think there is any magic per se in The Lions of Al-Rassan, but there are some great characters and, once again, it becomes clear that no one is truly good or truly bad (as is the case in the real world of course). The relationship between the protagonists of that book is heartbreakingly wonderful.
If you like that as well as Tigana, you must read Sailing to Sarantium and Lord of Emperors – these are, like The Lions of Al-Rassan, set in a medieval Europe which is in spirit and shape very similar to ours but simply with different names for the countries and the two moons in the sky. (Those two books are based on the reign of Justinian and Theodora in Byzantium). I slightly prefer Sailing to Sarantium to the sequel, and I think I love it almost as much as The Lions of Al-Rassan. Although to be fair there is one of his books I didn’t get on with, those which deal with a kind of alternate-historical-fiction have all been very good. I think I’ve done posts on five of his books… and you can email me if you want any more recommendations.
And now I must stop, because I’m monopolising your comments box. 🙂
Thanks for all those recommendations, Leander – I’m even more excited about reading The Lions of Al-Rassan now! If I enjoy that one as well (and I’ll be quite disappointed if I don’t as it sounds so good) I’ll definitely try Sailing to Sarantium.
I first learned about GG Kay on the Dorothy Dunnett listserv I belong to – apparently he is on record as being a DD fan, with a character who is something of an homage to Lymond, as I remember it? Many DD readers love his books & recommend them strongly (an off-shoot of that first DD group is doing a group read of some of his books right now). I tried Kay right after finishing the Lymond Chronicles, and I didn’t get very far – because what I really wanted was more Lymond, and nothing else quite matched up. I do need to try him again. The books that Leader mentioned sound very appealing.
The new blog design is very striking! I like it.
Yes, I read somewhere that Dorothy Dunnett is one of Kay’s influences, which is partly why I thought I might like his books (as well as the fact that they all sound so appealing, as you say). I think most books will probably suffer from being read right after Lymond, though, so it could be worth you giving them another try.
I’m glad you like the new design. I was getting bored with the old one and desperate to get away from the green colour scheme I’d had for so long!
I’ve only read one Guy Gavriel Kay novel: Ysabel. But I completely love it. In fact, it’s one of my summer rereads. I’ll have to add this book to the list as well. Great review.
I hope you enjoy your reread, Lark, and Tigana too if you decide to read it!
I’ve never heard of the author, and I’m not totally sure whether I’d like the book or not but I certainly wouldn’t mind reading it because of what you’ve talked about here. And whilst I like medieval-based fantasy, you can have too much of it, so the Renaissance (maybe technically middle ages but it’s seems further on) appeals to me.
Liking the new design 🙂
Thanks, Charlie – glad you like the new layout! And yes, a lot of fantasy seems to be based on medieval England, so it made a nice change to read one inspired by Renaissance Italy.
I’ve not heard of this author or series, although the cover looks familiar. I have just started reading George R R Martin’s epic fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire which is similar in the sense that it feels like reading historical fiction. When I eventually finish the long series I will have to consider trying this series too.
I haven’t read George R R Martin’s books but would like to after hearing so much about them! It’s such a long series I can understand not wanting to start another fantasy series until you’ve finished. This particular Guy Gavriel Kay book is a stand-alone though, so you could read it without having to commit to a series. 🙂
Ooo as a stand alone I will have to consider it even more!
GGK’s propensity to just randomly pair characters off at the ends of books really bothers me, too, and I COMPLETELY agree with you on the pairing you mention here. I think that really affected my enjoyment of this book, too. My favorite GGK novel is The Lions of Al-Rassan. It’s fantastic – I hope you give it a try. I also loved A Song for Arbonne, but it has been a while since I’ve read that one. I should do a re-read!