When I decided to participate in this year’s German Literature Month (hosted by Caroline and Lizzy) I discovered that I already had two books by German authors unread on my shelves: Death in Venice and Other Stories by Thomas Mann and Wolf Among Wolves by Hans Fallada. I chose the Thomas Mann simply because the book was a lot shorter and I could be sure of finishing it before the end of the month, but now that I’ve read it I wish I had gone with my heart and chosen Hans Fallada, whose books I have read before and loved. I did find a lot to like and appreciate in Mann’s writing, but I’m not convinced yet that he’s really an author for me.
As well as the title novella, Death in Venice (1912), this edition includes six other stories by Thomas Mann. I read all of them, but will concentrate here on Death in Venice as it is by far the most famous story in this collection and the one I was most interested in reading.
Death in Venice tells the story of Gustav von Aschenbach, an ageing author suffering from writer’s block. He decides to travel in the hope that it will clear his mind and provide inspiration and the destination he settles on is Venice. Mann’s descriptions of Venice are beautifully written, even though at the time of Gustav von Aschenbach’s arrival the weather is dark, gloomy and oppressive, matching the overall mood of the story. I have been to Venice myself, so I found the descriptions of Aschenbach’s approach over the lagoon, his ride in the gondola and his trip across to the Lido particularly vivid.
While in Venice, von Aschenbach becomes intrigued by Tadzio, a beautiful young Polish boy who is staying with his family in the same hotel. Day by day, his infatuation with Tadzio grows; he finds himself watching out for the boy entering the breakfast room each morning and then tries to secretly follow him around Venice. Even when he learns that it may not be safe to remain in the city any longer, von Aschenbach is unable to tear himself away from Venice and Tadzio…and eventually, as the title suggests, his obsession will lead to a death in Venice.
Reading Death in Venice in 2015, it’s difficult not to feel disturbed by the story of a middle-aged man’s infatuation with a teenage boy – although I should point out that Aschenbach never touches or even speaks to Tadzio. The focus is on Aschenbach’s private feelings for the boy and how he chooses to deal with those feelings. I think at least part of his obsession can be attributed to an appreciation of beauty and the despair of a man who is growing older, knowing that his own youth is lost forever (towards the end of the novella, we see Aschenbach dye his hair and cover his wrinkles with make-up in an attempt to look younger). I found out after finishing the story that it was based on Thomas Mann’s real-life experiences and this made me think again about what he was trying to say and how he may have wanted it to be interpreted.
I found the other six stories in this collection a bit uneven, but they are all worth reading. Little Herr Friedemann (1897) – one of the earliest examples of Mann’s work included in the book – is a sad story of a man who was dropped on the floor as a baby and grew up with physical disabilities. Herr Friedemann has learned to cope with his lot in life and things aren’t going too badly for him…until he falls in love. The Joker (also 1897) has some similar themes, but I have to admit the details of this particular story have faded from my mind just a few days after reading it.
The Road to the Churchyard (1900) is a very short story about a widower who sets out to visit the churchyard and becomes irrationally angry with a boy (referred to only as ‘Life’) who is riding his bicycle along the path. This is followed by Gladius Dei (1902), in which a man called Hieronymus enters an art gallery in Munich and loses his temper when he sees a piece of immoral artwork displayed in the window.
Tristan (1903), one of the longer stories in the book, is a love story set in a sanatorium. It contains allusions to the legend of Tristan and Iseult, as well as some musical references and an exploration of attitudes towards life and death. Finally, Tonio Kröger (1903), another novella, follows the course of a man’s life from childhood to adulthood and, like Death in Venice, has some autobiographical elements.
I’m pleased to have finally read some of Thomas Mann’s work, but I found this an interesting book rather than an enjoyable one. I am not a huge fan of short story collections, though, so now I’m wondering whether I would have a better experience with one of his longer novels.
18 thoughts on “Death in Venice and Other Stories by Thomas Mann”
As far as I remember, among Mann’s longest novels I’ve only read The Buddenbrooks and I definitely recommend it.
Thank you, Eduardo. I was thinking about reading The Magic Mountain but I’ll consider Buddenbrooks too.
I read Buddenbrooks this month and I also highly recommend it
Thanks for the recommendation. I think I’ll make Buddenbrooks the next Thomas Mann book I read.
Mann does not “tell” stories: it is more a question of atmosphere, a very delicate balance of feelings and descriptions but the descriptions are feelings and feelings are descriptions – very intricate and delicate,brittle, fragile. With a cult of beauty, a sense of time that is passing and going away with us tied to it. Not very funny or optimistic. More the end of a world. Now that you have read the novella, you might like to watch Lucchino Visconti’s filmic adaptation with the famous adagio of Mahler’s Fifth Symphony. Melancholic and automnal. I love both the writer and the film – Mann, Visconti and Mahler.
Thanks for your comment. When I say “tells the story” it’s just a figure of speech; I understand what you mean about his writing being more a balance of descriptions and feelings. I did find Death in Venice beautiful and atmospheric and will try to see the film now that I’ve read the novella. Have you read any of Thomas Mann’s other books? I think I would like to try one of his longer novels.
“Buddenbrooks” is rather easy to read – a little like a family saga with a philosophic turn: you will learn a lot about Schopenhauer; “Magic Mountain” is more difficult but it is his masterpiece; “Doktor Faustus” is also a compendium of philosophy, myths, literary theories, thoughts about art, spirituality, decline of society – another master piece with music with Schoenberg as model. And then there are essays and memoirs. Everything is wonderfully written with a lot to think about. Not really easy to read. In fat, you read the easiest part. 🙂
Thank you. I do like books that leave me with something to think about. I’ll probably try either Buddenbrooks or The Magic Mountain next. 🙂
If I may, try “Buddenbrooks” first. It is a fat book but it would make a nice transition betweeen the novellas and short stories, and Magic Mountain then.
Another very good German author is Hermann Broch.
I am reading Dr Fausus now. Fascinating so far and interestingly structured
Yes, it is isn’t it? But we forget easily that Mann was given the Nobel Prize for literature in 1929. Not for nothing…
It was no secret amongst the children of Thomas Mann that their father acted as a schoolboy in love when he saw an attractive young man. It’s only when he became older that he was more open about his homosexual feelings. He never had sex with men (at least, as far as is known, of course), but had the longing, or the Sehnsucht as they say in German.
Sehnsucht means ‘Krankheit des schmerzlichen Verlangens’ (= disease of the painful longing for someone/something). It’s a very intense longing for someone (or something). Someone one loves and pines for. One pines as the love in question is a love one can only wish for. Sehnsucht can lead to disease and the wish to die.
Thanks, Danielle. That’s interesting. It explains how he was able to write so convincingly about Aschenbach’s feelings for Tadzio.
I found this article in the meanwhile: http://www.salon.com/2004/08/10/venice_2/
What a fascinating article. Thank you for the link.
You’re welcome, Helen
I’m so late to this. I’m sorry but I was slightly overwhelmed by the participation.
I used to love Thomas Mann as a teenager and abut later but when I read Tinio Kroeger last year I asked myself the same question – is he really for me. I find he’s better in his longer works but he’s a cold, analytical writer.
It’s great that so many people have participated. 🙂 I’m glad to hear that you prefer Thomas Mann’s longer works; I would definitely like to try one before I decide if he’s for me or not.