Henry VIII’s sister Margaret is one of the lesser known Tudors and doesn’t usually get a lot of attention either in fiction or non-fiction, yet she was important historically as both an English princess and a queen of Scotland. This very enjoyable new biography by Melanie Clegg takes us through the whole of Margaret’s life from her birth in 1489 to her death in 1541, throwing some light on her childhood, her time as queen and her unhappy second and third marriages.
As the eldest daughter of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, Margaret had the sort of privileged childhood you would expect – perhaps more so than usual because Henry, not yet secure on his recently claimed throne, wanted to do everything he could to increase the rank and status of the new Tudor dynasty. Margaret grew up well aware of her own importance and value to her father in his efforts to arrange marriages for his children and form alliances with other royal families. In 1503, at the age of thirteen, Margaret was married to the thirty-year-old James IV of Scotland and made the long journey north while still in mourning for her mother, who had died earlier that year. It must have been a daunting experience for such a young girl, but James, despite already having several mistresses and illegitimate children, treated her with respect and kindness and helped her to settle into life in her new country.
Margaret was still just in her twenties when James was killed fighting the English at the battle of Flodden in 1513, leaving her to rule as regent for their young son who was crowned James V. She did not remain a widow for long, however, and soon married again, this time to a husband of her own choice, Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, a move which angered the rest of the Scottish nobility and resulted in her losing the regency. The remainder of Margaret’s life was marked by political turmoil and personal tragedy – including the death of her younger son, divorce from Angus and an equally unhappy and unsuccessful third marriage to Henry Stewart, Lord Methven.
I thoroughly enjoyed this biography. It is written in a clear and easy to read style and although it may not be academic enough for some readers (sources are just listed at the back of the book, for example, rather than being directly referenced in the text) for the general reader this is a good introduction to Margaret Tudor’s life and to this period of Scottish and English history. Melanie Clegg’s portrayal of Margaret feels quite fair and balanced, so that the reader feels some sympathy for her while also being aware of her flaws. There are parallels with the life of her granddaughter Mary, Queen of Scots (James V’s daughter), who also made some poor decisions when it came to choosing husbands!
Clegg shows how, in Margaret’s first few years in Scotland she has little interest in politics and government, but as time goes by she begins to grow in knowledge and experience. She is often torn between her adopted country and the country of her birth and does everything she can to bring about peace between Scotland and England, not always successfully. It can’t have been easy being the sister of a man like Henry VIII, after all (though maybe slightly preferable to being his wife). She should have been able to rely on him for support, especially after James is killed at Flodden, but instead he tries to make his own plans for Margaret and her children, aimed at uniting the two countries under one crown. Of course, this is what would eventually happen anyway, if not quite in the way Henry had hoped, through the marriage between Margaret’s granddaughter Mary Queen of Scots and grandson, Lord Darnley (son of Margaret’s daughter, Margaret Douglas) which resulted in the birth of the future James VI of Scotland and I of England.
I particularly enjoyed the second half of the book, which deals with the rivalries between the various factions of Scottish noblemen, the conflict between Margaret and the Duke of Albany (the next nearest in line to the throne) and her escape to England. The earlier chapters, although less dramatic, are interesting too and I loved the way James IV was portrayed. Staying in this fascinating period of history, I am looking forward to reading another new non-fiction book I have waiting on my TBR, The Afterlife of King James IV by Keith J Coleman.
Thanks to Pen and Sword for providing a copy of this book for review via NetGalley.
15 thoughts on “Margaret Tudor by Melanie Clegg”
Some years ago I was present at a seminar where the speaker was researching the letters of Margaret Tudor. She was clearly a very well educated woman and it was clear from their content how deeply she felt about the tension between her native land and her adopted home. I can’t remember the name of the speaker, but I’m sure she was more concerned with the language used than the historical personages, so I doubt it was Clegg but it is interesting that two people should have been studying her seriously at the same time.
That sounds like an interesting seminar. Margaret’s feelings about the relationship between England and Scotland are discussed in quite a lot of detail in this book.
I watched The Favourite the other day. This biography would be the fore-story to those years. Reading some of the news these days about the Queen’s family, I am glad I have not been a royal in any sense but I can see how it was, at least centuries ago, a life of excitement and intrigue but also personal hardship. I do so enjoy reading your reviews of these books.
No, I wouldn’t want to be a royal either, Judy, especially not a royal woman during the Tudor period! I sometimes wonder whether I’m boring people with all my history reviews, so I’m pleased to hear that you enjoy them. 🙂
You really don’t hear much about Margaret, do you? This book sounds very interesting and one I think I’d like a lot.
I think Margaret is often forgotten amongst all the other, more colourful Tudor women, but she had a fascinating life too and deserves more attention.
What a good review, Helen. This sounds a fascinating read.
Thank you, Sandra! This was such an interesting book, especially as I knew so little about Margaret before I started.
This one sounds good. I believe that the TV series The Tudors conflated her with some other relative of Henry VIII’s, then made up events concerning that character.
I didn’t know that. Margaret deserves better!
Ooo this has made me even more excited to read my copy of this 😀
I’ll look forward to hearing what you think of it, Jessica!
I had no idea of this book’s existence and it sounds like a must read for me. I’m sure that Margaret’s stained glass coat of arms can still be seen in the chapel windows at nearby Falkland Palace.
That’s interesting – I would like to see that.